Set 23 – Five NEw Words for Nov 23

Theme: What a difference a letter makes

1. palatine (PAL-uh-tyn, -teen)
MEANING:
adjective:
1. Of or relating to a palace.
2. Of or relating to a palate.
USAGE:
“The palatine city Qal’a Bani Hammad in Algeria had terraced gardens and, in one of its palaces, an enormous rectangular pool.”
D. Fairchild Ruggles; Islamic Gardens and Landscapes; University of Pennsylvania Press; 2008.

“The teeth, tongue, palate, and gum are subjected to a direct painful influence — that is, direct pain which acts upon the minor palatine nerve.”
Aleksandr Nevzorov; The Horse Crucified and Risen; Nevzorov Haute Ecole; 2011.

2. collier (KOL-yuhr)
MEANING:
noun:
1. A coal miner.
2. A coal liner.
USAGE:
“Gunar turned to find a grimy-faced man, black as a collier.”
Lisa Hendrix; Immortal Champion; Berkley; 2011.

“When the collier Marlin sailed into Hampton Roads on Jan 14, it didn’t arrive like most coal ships do — empty.”
Gregory Richards; Area Getting Two Facilities for Incoming Coal; The Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk); Feb 1, 2007.

2. lares and penates (LAR-eez and puh-NAY-teez)

MEANING:
noun:
1. Household gods (the benevolent gods in an ancient Roman household).
2. Household goods (a family’s treasured possessions).

USAGE:
“But let’s face it, the nearest thing that many Aussies have in the way of religion, or, as it is labelled with new-age vagueness, spirituality, are those little do-it-yourself offerings to the roadside gods, the lares and penates of the new-age pantheists.”
The Soft Toy Taking on a Religious Symbolism; The Canberra Times (Australia); Jan 14, 2006.

“The storehouse of all the shame and vulnerability in Ben’s life would be locked; a private museum of curios with but one visitor, himself, to stare at the degraded and rejected lares and penates.”
Kate Fillion; The Artful Forgery of the Self; The Toronto Star (Canada); Feb 6, 1993.

4. hyperbolic (hy-puhr-BOL-ik)
MEANING:
adjective:
1. Of or pertaining to hyperbole.
2. Of or pertaining to hyperbola.

NOTES:
When you employ hyperbole in your discourse, you are doing what a devil does (to throw), etymologically speaking. The word devil ultimately comes from Greek diaballein (to throw across, slander). Some other words that share the same root are ballistic, emblem, embolism, metabolism, parable, problem, parabola, and symbol.
USAGE:
“‘My objective is to build something sustainable that lasts 100 years,’ says Mr Kotak, who is upbeat without being hyperbolic.”
Kotak Moment; The Economist (London, UK); May 26, 2012.

“She’s made a skirt to wear to conferences
with a crocheted hyperbolic hem.
Each of its ruffles ruffles.”
Susan Blackwell Ramsey; A Mind Like This; University of Nebraska Press; 2012.

5. debark (dee-BARK)

MEANING:
verb tr.:
1. To remove the bark from a dog.
2. To remove the bark from a log.
verb tr., intr.:
3. To disembark.
USAGE:
“Dr. Marder said they will probably debark Truffle unless she quickly learns to play quietly.”
Sam Dolnick; Heel. Sit. Whisper. Good Dog; The New York Times; Feb 3, 2010.

“Mike Rowe finds himself … heading to a mill to help debark and process wood for a log cabin.”
Emily Yahr; Highlights; The Washington Post; Feb 22, 2011.

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